Sequencing For The Clinic
Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT)
NIPT is a prenatal screening, which looks at DNA from your baby's placenta in a sample of your blood to identify whether you’re at increased risk of giving birth to a child with a genetic disorder. The most common chromosomal disorders to be screened include Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), Trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome) and Trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome). Researches have shown that NIPTs are more accurate than those same standard screenings in predicting the risk of Down syndrome. And because an NIPT involves only a quick blood draw with a needle and syringe, it’s invasive, which means it slightly increases the chance of miscarriage.
Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS)
Aneuploidy is responsible for the vast majority of spontaneous miscarriages and can result in birth defects and mental retardation in live born babies. Preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) provides a powerful genetic test that can be performed on embryos that are biopsied at either day 3 or day 5 to screen for numerical chromosomal abnormalities. It offers comprehensive analysis of all 24 chromosome types. The main benefits of PGS for chromosome abnormalities include increase in implantation rate, reduction in miscarriage rate, and increase in the chance of delivering a healthy baby.
Cancer Molecular Diagnosis
Cancer medicine is increasingly using DNA and RNA analysis technologies to improve diagnosis and treatment of disease. The molecular diagnostics offers a powerful new tool to help oncologists and pathologists study the genetic causes of cancer as well as the potential of targeted therapies, opening the door to the promising potential of personalized medicine.
Genetic testing can be performed to look at your genes, which are the DNA instructions you inherit from your parents. There are many different types of genetic tests, including diagnostic testing, newborn screening, pre-symptomatic genetic tests, etc. Diagnostic testing is used to precisely identify the disease that is making a person ill. The results of a diagnostic test may help you make choices about how to treat or manage your health. Newborn screening is used to test babies one or two days after birth to find out if they have certain diseases known to cause problems with health and development. Pre-symptomatic genetic tests are used to find gene changes that increase a person's likelihood of developing diseases.
Pathogenic Microorganism Examination
Based on high-throughput sequencing, a pathogenic microorganism examination can provide highly accurate and comprehensive information to health professionals for characterization of bacteria or virus, including some unknown pathogens. By giving hospitals an improved understanding of the genetic markers of virulence and resistance, the test can help them identify the best treatment and understand how pathogens are transmitted, while enabling better containment of an epidemic.